Granulomatous mastitis, is a rare and chronic breast condition characterized by the presence of granulomas in the breast tissue. Granulomas are small, organized collections of immune cells, primarily macrophages, that form as part of the body’s defense mechanism in response to infection or inflammation. In the case of granulomatous mastitis, these granulomas can develop in the breast tissue, leading to inflammation, pain, and the formation of lumps or nodules.
The exact cause of granulomatous mastitis is not well understood, but it is thought to be related to an immune system response, and it may be associated with autoimmune or inflammatory conditions. It can affect women of various ages, but it is most commonly seen in women of childbearing age.
Symptoms of granulomatous mastitis may include:
Breast pain and tenderness
Breast lumps or masses
Redness and swelling of the breast
Discharge from the nipple
Skin changes around the affected breast
Flu-like symptoms, such as fever and fatigue
Diagnosing granulomatous mastitis typically involves a physical examination, imaging tests like mammography or ultrasound, and a biopsy of the affected breast tissue to confirm the presence of granulomas. Treatment options for granulomatous mastitis may include antibiotics (if an infectious cause is suspected), anti-inflammatory medications, and in some cases, surgical removal of the affected tissue. This condition can be challenging to manage and may require ongoing medical care.
It’s important for anyone experiencing symptoms related to breast health to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and diagnosis. If you or someone you know is dealing with breast issues, seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
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